Periodontist in Houston and Surrounding Areas
At Royal Dental, our Periodontists specialize in the treatment of gum disease, periodontitis, and gingivitis. We have a number of different options to ensure our patients get the best periodontal treatment.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a condition that causes extreme swelling and damage to the gum tissue. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to more extensive dental disease including tooth loss and damage.
With severe periodontitis, a radical amount of gum tissue and bone tissue is lost. Usually, teeth lose more support as the disease continues to destroy the periodontal ligament and bone. Teeth become loose and extraction may be necessary. This causes difficulties in normal everyday chewing and biting habits.
What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. This helps develop toxins, enzymes, and other plaque byproducts that irritate the gums. These toxins, enzymes and other byproducts make your gums tender, swollen and likely to bleed easily. Gingivitis generally needs minor treatment from our dentists with persistent proper oral hygiene. When we treat gingivitis correctly, your gums can return back to a healthy state.
Root exposure resulting from gingival tissue recession may pose multiple problems for patients such as:
- Undesirable aesthetics
- Root sensitivity
- Impaired oral hygiene
- Increased caries susceptibility
- Teeth may become loose
What is Gum Disease?
Moderate gum disease occurs when the tooth’s bone tissue starts to deteriorate. Periodontitis is a more serious disease. This occurs when byproducts from the plaque destroy the tissues that help root your teeth into the bone. Your gums start to recess and begin detaching themselves from your teeth. This forms pockets in your gums and allows more plaque to collect under your gum line. Plaque collecting below your gum line puts the roots of your teeth at risk and susceptible to decay. Generally, patients notice an increase in sensitivity in their teeth. The different types of sensitivities include hot, cold and touch.
How Gum Disease Affects Your Health
Studies show a correlation between periodontal (gum) disease, heart disease, and other health conditions. Research further suggests that if you have any sort of gum disease, you may be at more serious risk for heart disease than hypertension, smoking, cholesterol, gender, and aging.
Researchers conclusions suggest that bacteria present in infected gums can become loose and move throughout the body through the bloodstream. Once bacteria reach the arteries, they can irritate them in the same way that they irritate gum tissue. This causes arterial plaque, which can cause hardening and affect blood-flow.
Gum Disease Treatment
Here at Royal Dental, we offer periodontal procedures. These services are able to lay the groundwork to improve the aesthetics of your gum line.
Crown lengthening is a procedure that lengthens your teeth if there is too much gum tissue. During this procedure, we re-shape the excess gum and bone tissue to expose more of the natural tooth. We can do this to one tooth, to even your gum line, or to several teeth to expose a natural, broad smile.
Crown lengthening can make a restorative or cosmetic dental procedure possible. If your tooth is decayed, broken below the gum line, or has insufficient tooth structure for a restoration, services such as a crown or bridge can help you. Crown lengthening adjusts the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth for restoration.
When a tooth is lost, both bone and gum tissue compete for the defect space. The gum tissue generates quicker than bone, thus assuming the space. With a membrane placement, we can keep the gum tissue from the space, while the bone regenerates.
Bone regeneration is often used to rebuild the supporting structures around the teeth which have been destroyed by periodontal disease. We may use bone surgery to rebuild or reshape the bone. Grafts of the patient’s bone or artificial bone may be used, as well as special membranes.
Tooth scaling helps eliminate plaque, tartar, and hard crusty calculus deposits. These are loaded with bacteria. Sub-gingival tooth scaling is necessary when plaque and tartar are below the gum line.
After tooth scaling, we may need to plane the roots as well to help smooth the root surface. Soft tissue will re-attach itself to a smooth tooth surface at a later point.
Your dentist may also recommend medications to help control infection, pain, or to encourage healing. Arestin aids in the healing process after a root planing procedure. Arestin is a medication we will place in the gum pockets. Once there, it helps speed the healing process up by shrinking the gum pockets.